Pakistan’s Heritage Essay
“A man, is known by his past” is a saying. This proverb is very true in the case of nations, A country’s present and the dreams, of its future are all inspired by its past. A nation’s past affords the people good food for thought. If it was a glorious, it inspires them to work for the achievement of greater glory. If it was not so glorious, it helps them to draw lessons for the future, avoid the committing of mistakes made by the ancestors and to build up a present and a future that makes up for the past and wash off the dark spots in its history. Achievements of the past in various aspects of national life which come down to the present are unknown as the heritage of a nation,
Since the establishment of Pakistan, a question that has been very often asked is – “Does Pakistan really have a heritage? A small group of people seem to be of the opinion that the situations and circumstances out of which Pakistan was created deprive it of a heritage. They argue that Pakistan before partition was a part of India. Its people were Indians. Therefore, whatever Pakistan has as her heritage cannot be anything separate and distinct from Indians, In fact, if Pakistan at all has any heritage, it is common with that of India. The great majority of people, however, repudiate this contention. They point out that the very fact that the areas comprising Pakistan decided to set up a separate state for themselves prove that Pakistan’s heritage was indifferent and distinct from India’s, For how, can a people, one in their heritage, decide to break away from each other? The two nation theory itself proves that the heritage of the Pakistan is ‘different from the Indians, The fact that Muslims of Indian considered themselves to be a separate nation proves that there Muslims have a separate heritage from other Indians. For, how can a people not having a heritage separate from others but common to themselves weld into a nation-hood?
A careful Study of. Indian history will easily prove that Pakistan has a separate and ‘a rich heritage, ‘The Muslims came to India as conquerors and for the spread of Islam, Inspire of the attempts of some Muslim rulers and their nobles Muslims and Hindus could, not be merged into one united whole, Throughout the Muslim rule, they lived as a separate community and mixed’ with Hindus only on the social level. This social mixing of races too was conditioned by a number of limitations. Thus the Hindu and Muslim heritage in India grew side by side but they had, with the exception of a few similarities and common points, a completely different origin and development.
The most important and prominent heritage of Pakistan lies in the glorious past of the Musalmans which is derived from the glorious period of Muslim history. The benevolent and patriotic rule of the Khalifas, exploits of the Muslim heroes, conquests of Muslim armies in the face ‘of severe. odds, and their rule over a substantial part of the globe in Europe, Asia and Africa, the proverbial Muslim unity, fraternity and brotherhood, these are the’ rich inheritance of the Musalmans of Pakistan. In more _ recent times, the benevolent rule of the Muslim rulers in India over a vast part of its territory spreading from the slopes of the Hindu Kush to the shores of the Bay of Bengal, the wealth, progress and prosperity that existed in India under these rules, provide a proud past and rich heritage. These make the Pakistanis look back to the glories of their race and inspires them to work for the achievement of the ‘same glory and make it the goal for the future of their beloved Pakistan.
The Great Mughals did not give the Indian Muslims only a rich political heritage. The richness of their heritages is clearly seen in other fields of life to? Ba-bur laid the foundations of the Mughal Empire in India arid .his bravery, his literary tastes and his determination enriched, Mughal history his .Grandson Akbar; though illiterate, is famous for his innovation in – administration and Government; his toleration and keen interest. in ,all religious and faiths, his taste’ for literature and his ear for music, and’ the numerous buildings he left behind as monuments of his reign, Which even today inspire awe and admiration for this great Emperor. Jehangir was famous -for pis administration of justice, an equal example of which rs not found .in any period of Indian history, Hindu or Muslim Both Jehangir and Shah.Jehan, besides buildings, have left behind as an example. to the. import of. their strong .character manifested in their love’ for their queens, ‘human emotions· and ‘sentiments. In fact, the Mughal have bequeathed to the Muslims of India such’ a rich heritage that their age is known as the “Golden Period” in the .pages of India history.
In the field of arr and-architecture Pakistan’s heritage is no less rich. Turkish architecture is famous all the world over. This architecture was brought to India by the Mughals and its blending with Hindus architecture gave rise to a new architecture in Indian History known as Mughal architecture. The glaring and world famous example of this gorgeous architecture is the Taj Mahal Agra besides a huge number of other famous buildings of the Mughal days. The Red Fort in New Delhi, Fatehpur Sikri, the Shalimar Garden at Lahore. All remind us of the days of Muslim glory in India. It is a pity that most of these Muslims glorious buildings happen to be in India. But, nevertheless this does not deprive Pakistan of the pride of a rich heritage in this field.
In art as well as in architecture the pride of a place goes again to the Muslim Mughals. Paintings and sketches of the days of Jehangir and Shah Jehan draw admiration from all parts of the world and are admired even today. The field of literature is glorious. Muslim literature throughout the centuries has been famous for its richness. Turkish and Persian literature of the Mughal days, Urdu literature of the subsequent period is famous in the annals of literary history. Bengali. one of the two state Languages of Pakistan, has a rich literature matched by few other Indian languages and the contributions made to it by Muslims writers have not been meant by any standards. The Punjabi language is rich in folk lore and songs, romantic poetry and the famous legends of Heer-Ranjha and Sussi Punnon.
By all standards of human understanding Pakistan has a rich heritage in all conceivable fields of human life. It is our duty not only to preserve that heritage but also to work for the greater glory of our past and present. We must bring ourselves to the same standards which was the glory of our ancestors. We must put the nation and country out of the backwardness and sloth in which it has been thrown by countries of foreign rule and our own laziness and mistakes. Religion has always been the bedrock of Muslim’s civilisation and culture, in which a very great steers has been laid on spiritual values. The good of life is the communion with the Supreme. It is a life of realisation, an inner intuitive vision of good, when man achieves absolute freedom and escapes from the blind servitude to ordinary experience. It is a subtle interwovennes with the read it lies of the spiritual wored. This brings out the distinction between intellectual recognition and sprititual realisation. We can free ourselves from the shackless of tlle body and in a split second we can see the truth and be overcome by it. The record of these experiences in The Quran